43-year-old Maricella Gaitán realized she was lucky when she learned that her two-month temporary leave was nearing the end.
However, it was May 2020, and returning to work brought about a coronavirus pandemic, especially a stressor. As a full-time manager of a Phoenix clothing store, I no longer have time to go shopping for regular groceries to limit the exposure of older parents living nearby to the coronavirus. And when a shopper in her store refused to wear a mask or respect her personal space, she continued to return to one idea: if I was infected with the coronavirus. If so, will I infect my parents?
Her worries were particularly serious, and Gaitan knew that several people, including her uncle, had died of the coronavirus. Her boss said her boss would confront a customer who wasn’t wearing a mask. She said she was discouraged, but it didn’t help alleviate her anxiety.
“They didn’t want bad publicity,” Gaitan said.
Gaitán realized that he wanted to quit his job because of the “lack of empathy and compassion” he received from his customers during the pandemic.
Gaitan began studying real estate licensing in January, during which time he began working in luxury boutiques with increased protection and less customer contact. However, her concerns about safety, long-term care and flexibility remain at the heart of many female workers’ decisions about whether to return to their pre-pandemic work.
The impact of the pandemic on women has been well documented in the past year: when the pandemic began, women lost far more jobs than men, and within weeks of the national closure, women 11.3 million jobs were lost. As of June, 3.7 million men have lost nearly 4.2 million net jobs, compared to 3.7 million for women.
Many of these jobs were done in industries such as retail, hospitality, restaurants and childcare, which were hit hardest by pandemic regulation. It is also an industry where women are overvalued as workers.
However, as the United States appears to be turning a pandemic, about 50% of the U.S. population has received at least one coronavirus vaccine, and businesses and offices are expanding their businesses again. Head.
In the last five months, women have returned to work at a much lower rate than men. But the May employment report brought some good news. The economy added 559,000 jobs, more than half of which were directed to women. The National Women’s Justice Support Center predicted that it would take women 13 months to regain the jobs they lost due to the pandemic.
Most of the women’s growth this month was in the leisure and hospitality industry.
Adriana Cougler, a professor at Georgetown University and former chief economist at the Ministry of Labor during the Obama administration, said there are many reasons for the inconsistent recovery.
She said that jobs created and jobs that disappeared simply don’t match. Also, there’s just a shortage of jobs. For example, the 8 million jobs in March may sound pretty good, but Kugler says it needs to be weighed against the 21 million people seeking full-time jobs.
Wages remained stagnant or sluggish last year, according to Kugler. This is a fact that applies to most recessions. However, due to pandemic-specific concerns such as safety and long-term care costs for many women, these wages are not sufficient to meet their needs, especially if they need childcare or other long-term care assistance to work. There is none.
This is the case for Jennifer Nap, 44, who worked as a full-time receptionist at a hotel spa near her home in Chelsea, Maine in September 2019. Home mom.
But in less than seven months she disappeared. Her working hours have been cut “left and right” as the business is shrinking due to the pandemic, and managers can replace hand sanitizers when they run out or plexiglass between the receptionist and the customer. Refused to install partitions.
“The hospitality industry is tough in the normal competitive arena. It was a tough job and we had very low wages,” said Nap. “The epidemic of the new coronavirus infection made our job dramatically more difficult. We were afraid to go to work, which made the already difficult job even more difficult.”
And as a single mother with two teenage kids at home who rely on remote learning, she has no choice but to go home, including one who was having a hard time adapting to technology. felt.
Long-term care constraints remain a major obstacle for women to return to work, Kugler said. One-third of working women are parents, and studies show that many women bear the extra burden of housework and long-term care from a pandemic. As of May 10, half of the schools have resumed face-to-face learning, and many working mothers are still unable to work on a complete work schedule, according to data from the American Enterprise Institute and Davidson College.
Women “may go back to part-time jobs or go back to gig-type jobs, which gives them that flexibility, but it’s not optimal,” Kuggler said.
Saving time means saving money, but hospital and retail jobs in particular can provide employees with unpredictable schedules that fluctuate based on busy workplaces and the number of employees. There is sex. It also reduces workplace protection and benefits such as health insurance.
Working mothers who couldn’t make enough money to justify childcare payments at work during the pandemic said they were left in limbo.
These dilemmas had the most severe impact on women of color, which was reflected in the unemployment rate. During the pandemic, women’s unemployment rate was higher in women than in men, but black women and Latin. It was even worse for Americans by a considerable margin. According to NWLC, 5.4% of all women were unemployed in May, compared to 8.2% for black women and 7.4% for Latinos.
Racial and gender inequality in recovery directly reflects the pre-existing inequity in the labor market, says Michelle, a labor economist who teaches at the John Jay College of Criminal Justice.・ Mr. Holder said.
“It’s taking time [for women to gain jobs back] That’s because the hit sectors are recovering only slowly, “Holder said.” In reality, some sectors may not recover, especially the retail sector. “
These are also jobs that are overrated by women of color, especially black women and Latin Americans. Regarding the retail sector, Mr. Holder predicts that the pandemic may have caused a permanent change in consumer habits, and feels that people are less likely to visit physical stores than before.
For the summer, she said she was more optimistic about the recovery of the hospitality industry, including hotels, restaurants, bars and events.
“People in this country want to go out, get together with others, have fun,” she said.
The question, she said, is the recovery timeline and whether those jobs are still attractive to those who previously had jobs.
Lauren Payler, 29, helped launch the wellness company Focus on Health during a pandemic after spending most of the last seven years in a restaurant. Focus on Health is specifically focused on the health and wellness of restaurant employees.
As a bartender and assistant general manager, Payler was proud to provide customers with a “very personal experience.” But over time, she said, she realized that her job demands left little time and energy to care for herself and her partner.
Paylor has also begun to realize that there are serious inequality throughout the restaurant industry. Kitchen workers were unaware of their rights due to lack of guidelines in their language and lack of in-house promotion.
She said restaurants need to react more sensitively to employee needs in order to bring them back. For Paylor, the pandemic was a time of clarification.
“My job is [now] It’s much more influential than I’m back behind the bar, “Payler said.
During his 20-year career in the restaurant industry, Nadia Exama occasionally sought to enter other areas, office jobs and customer service jobs. But she was always drawn to the restaurant.
“I like interacting with people and meeting new people every day,” said 37-year-old Exama. “I love hospitality and caring for people.”
However, there were some questions she had about working in the industry, including lack of benefits and addiction to tips. She said the pandemic and how the employer responded to it brought these doubts to the fore.
A few months after the pandemic, Exama found on a Google search that the former location of Miami’s fine dining restaurant was completely closed. Management didn’t bother to reach out to employees. When she noticed, she said.
Still, she wanted to stay in this industry.
After months of interviews, Exama finally took up a new position at a similar restaurant in April. She is happy with her new job. “I’m making a lot of money. It’s perfect for me now,” she said.
The story of recovery is not over yet. In short, there are still many opportunities to help women re-employ, but there are also many challenges.
Rebecca Dixon of the National Employment Law Project is particularly concerned about what happens to workers after their pandemic-related protections have expired. Many of the eviction and utility payment moratoriums have already been lifted or will be lifted later next month. Prior to the pandemic, landlords submitted eviction notices to black women and Latino Americans at a higher rate than whites and men. And 22 states said they would reduce pandemic-related unemployment benefits, which are the “lifeline” for many people of color, especially families with single mothers, Dixon said.
This could lead to a “debt tsunami” in the coming months, Dixon said. Women are on average more in debt than men, according to a recent survey, and Dixon says how overdue rents, utilities and student loans affect women who have lost significant unemployment benefits. I’m worried about giving.
Georgetown economist Kugler added that these policies could further destabilize the recovery.
“To actually run a campaign and decide to hire someone, you need to be confident that they will buy your product or service.”
Like Dixon, economist Holder said he would pay particular attention to the return rate of black women. The ability to get back to work is an important indicator of how fair the recovery is, as they are one of the workers most severely affected by pandemic inequality.
Re-entry and retraining programs are also important.
Kugler pointed out that such a program would be needed to help retail workers move to other types of work. It involves many Americans who have reassessed the types of work they support most.
Mr. Holder said he sees great opportunities for President Joe Biden’s American Jobs plan. These jobs traditionally do not employ women, but for many Americans they are “middle.” The road to the birth class “.
“This incredible job creation forecast does not always benefit the women who most adversely affected employment outcomes during the pandemic,” said Holder. “At least are there any efforts to get women into these jobs?”
Also, while the partner bill, American Family Planning, aims to expand women-dominated industries such as childcare and education, holders are cautious about whether both bills will be passed in a parliamentary division.
Exama is pleased to be back in the restaurant industry in the post-pandemic world, but she says that restaurant owners “do more to incentivize more people to work in the restaurant industry.” I want to understand what I need to do. She said she was paying and providing benefits to her workers.
“I hope they understand that they can’t work without employees,” Exama said. “Otherwise, people will go somewhere.”
Women are gradually regaining their lost jobs. However, many of their career paths can change for the better.business
Source link Women are gradually regaining their lost jobs. However, many of their career paths can change for the better.business